International Paper SWOT Analysis

Based in Memphis, Tennessee, International paper is the largest paper company in the world. It employs around 60000 workers globally.  Though established in 1890, International paper was re-incorporated in 1941, and remains the same till present. The annual revenue of international paper for the year 2011 was $25179 M, which was 7.8% greater than that of previous year. This means that international paper is improving since then. Presently, according to CNN (fortune 500; 2011), IP ranks 105 among the top 500 companies in America. IP manufactures very high quality paper and pulp products, and that too in a very eco friendly way. It is the supplier of almost 60% of paper products I America.

International Paper Strengths

Economies of scale are perhaps the greatest advantage and strength of International paper. Because of its superior and mighty position, it can avail financial economies, raising finance from any source and that too, on low interest rates and longer repayment period. Since the company is too large and well known, it has to spend less on the promotion and marketing of the company, thereby availing marketing economies. In its case, International Paper is the worldwide leader of this industry and thereby controls the widest market share. Because of this it is widely demanded globally. The business is well established on geographical lines. It has offices and factories on the most appropriate locations which are facilitated by the latest machines. This makes its paper standardized, because of which it is widely demanded. This has led to a strong brand image of International paper and made it the virtual paper leader of the world.

International Paper Weaknesses

According to reports and surveys, international paper has been declared as ‘harmful to the environment’. This is because of two reasons. Firstly it is claimed that the wood require for making paper has led to widespread deforestation in America and secondly the paper making factories are causing pollution and problems for the adjoining areas. These claims have led to a tarnished reputation of IP. However, it is constantly experimenting new ways to avoid these problems.

International Paper Opportunities

There are new emerging markets for paper. In this situation, International Paper, being a famous and the largest paper producing company in the world, becomes the foremost choice for all people. Therefore it has a wide scope for growth. It can also grow on geographical scale and increase its exposure in other countries. Because of its strong position, it may also have the backing of government or any such organization.

International Paper Threats

The foremost threat that International paper is facing is the growing internet culture. With the increase in websites, fast accessibility and cheap availability of online content, most of the work, that was done previously on paper is now done online. This might wipe the industry at once. Further rising cost of raw materials means a cut down in the profits of shareholders. A decrease in profits may lead to less investment. This can also harm the company in the long run.


A mangers revolutionary idea at international paper (Gallup press, Dec 2006)
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International Paper. Retrieved from:

International Paper Company. Retrieved from:

Fortune 500 2011: Retrieved from:

IP SWOT analysis. Retrieved from:

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